What is Red Yeast Rice?
Red Yeast Rice is a relative of yeast rice that is used for fermented food, sake,soy sauce and miso paste, and as its name implies, it is red in color. It has been used inChinese herbal medicine since ancient times. The "Ben Cao Wang Mu", a Chinese treatise on herbal medicine, says that Red Yeast Rice aids the digestion and reinvigorates the blood and strengthens the internal organs and refreshes the stomach.
* Monascus pilosus (IFO4520) is used in the process of inoculation and culturing.
SPECIFICATIONS FOR Red Yeast Rice Powder
Item 1P-D 3P-D1 3P-D2 Properties powder, red powder, red powder, red Water 10% or less 10% or less 10% or less Grain size (sieved 100 mesh) 94% or more 94% or more 94% or more Acid protease OD660 0.5 or less OD660 0.5 or less OD660 0.5 or less Diastatic strength 0.15 U or less/g 0.15 U or less/g 0.15 U or less/g GABA 0.025-0.050% - - Monacolin K - 0.1% or more 0.2% or more Heavy metals (as Pb) 10 ppm or less 10 ppm or less 10 ppm or less Arsenic (as As2O3) 0.5 ppm or less 0.5 ppm or less 0.5 ppm or less Aerobic plate count 300 or less/g 300 or less/g 300 or less/g Fungus 300 or less/g 300 or less/g 300 or less/g Coliform bacteria Negative Negative Negative Salmonella Negative Negative Negative Staphylococci Negative Negative Negative Eumycota (mold) Negative Negative Negative Escherichia coli Negative Negative Negative
Shelf life: 12 months after date of manufacture for 1P-D and 3P-D (stored in cool and dark place, unopened)
Item 1P-D 3P-D1 3P-D2 Protein 5% - 15% 5% - 15% 5% - 15% Lipid 1.5% - 6.0% 1.5% - 6.0% 1.5% - 6.0% Carbohydrate 65% - 85% 65% - 85% 65% - 85% Fiber 0.2% - 2.5% 0.2% - 2.5% 0.2% - 2.5% Ash 0.2% - 1.5% 0.2% - 1.5% 0.2% - 1.5% Energy 360kcal - 440kcal/100g 360kcal - 440kcal/100g 360kcal - 440kcal/100g
Certificate of Analysis No.205121974-001 for Red Yeast Rice Powder 3P-D1
dated January 19, 2006 issued by Japan Food Research Laboratories
Test Items Results Water 7.9g/100g Protein 12.4g/100g Lipid 2.7g/100g Dietary Fiber 23g/100g Ash 1.5g/100g Carbohydrate 52.5g/100g Energy 330kcal/100g Sodium 12.5mg/100g
Certificate of Analysis No.205061160-001 for Red Yeast Rice Powder 3P-D1 dated July 4, 2005 issued by Japan Food Research Laboratories
Test Items Results Citrinin Not Detected (LD=0.05ppm)(Note) LD means "Level of determination".
SPECIFICATIONS FOR Red Yeast Rice Extract Powder
Item IE-D 3E-D20 Properties powder, red powder, red Water 8% or less 8% or less GABA 150mg/100g or more - Monacolin K - 2.0% or more Heavy metals (as Pb) 50 ppm or less 50 ppm or less Arsenic (as As2O3) 2.5 ppm or less 2.5 ppm or less Aerobic plate count 3000 or less/g 3000 or less/g Coliform bacteria Negative Negative
Shelf life (stored in cool and dark place):
12 months after date of manufacture for 1E-D (unopened)
30 months after date of manufacture for 3E-D20 (unopened)
For extended applications, for instance, 3E-D20 powder can be added on to dextrin (or lactose) at the ratio of 1:4 to form tablets and capsules containing 0.4% of Monacolin K.
Cholesterol-lowering effect of Red Yeast Rice (3P-D1, 3P-D2 & 3E-D20)
Red Yeast Rice naturally has HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, including Monacolin K, which has been associated with decreasing the level of LDL cholesterol.
Sex Age Total cholesterol (mg/dl) Change(%) Start 2 weeks 4 weeks 2 weeks 4 weeks K.S. male 50 230 201 193 -13 -16 H.W. male 42 240 196 204 -18 -15 T.O. female 57 246 205 183 -17 -26 K.O. female 69 257 224 213 -13 -17 M.T. female 67 276 244 227 -12 -18 Average - - 250 214 204 -14.4 -18.8
In the volunteer test with using the patients of hyperlipidemia, when everyone took 4g of Red Yeast Rice every day, the average of LDL cholesterol decreased by 24% after 2 weeks, and by 32% after 4 weeks. Cholesterol-lowering effect of Red Yeast Rice was obtained at the Medical Department of Chiba Universtity.
Anti-hypertensive effect of Red Yeast Rice (1P-D & 1E-D)
On the basis of a large quantity of test data obtained through extensive research, we have confirmed that Red Yeast Rice is effective in reducing high blood pressure. Furthermore, Red Yeast Rice never has the side effects that the drugs have. You can use Red Yeast Rice in any food safely.
Red Yeast Rice has been used from ancient times through the present day as a brewing material, an agent to add color and aroma to food, and a meat preservativce. Throughout this rich history as a food product, it has been consumed by a large number of people.It is produced with a clean solid fermentation technology according to the methods of yeast rice fermentation that has been used. None of the test animals shows any sign of suffering side effects from toxicity, mutagenesis, or fungal toxicity.
Item Subject Result Oral acute toxicity test (Limit test) mice no abnormality after administering 2,000mg/kg Oral acute toxicity test mice LD50 23.1g/kg or more Mutagenesis test bacteria no mutagenesis Fungal toxicity, 10 types not detected